The Gurdjieff Ensemble, Levon Eskenian

The Armenian Gurdjieff Folk Instruments Ensemble was founded by Levon Eskenian to play ‘ethnographically authentic’ arrangements of the G.I. Gurdjieff/Thomas de Hartmann piano music. Their debut album on ECM, Music of G.I. Gurdjieff, was widely acclaimed, and won an Edison Award as Album of the Year in 2012. Now Eskenian and his musicians turn their attention to the music of Komitas Vardapet (1869-1935). Composer, ethnomusicologist, arranger, singer and priest, Komitas is popularly held to be the founder of contemporary music in Armenia, and in his work as a collector he explored the connections that uniquely bind together Armenian sacred and secular music. With their special focus on folk instrumentation and inspired arrangements the Ensemble illuminates the deep roots of Komitas’s compositions in this programme recorded in Lugano in February 2015.
Das Armenian Gurdjieff Folk Instruments Ensemble wurde von Levon Eskenian mit der Intention gegründet, unter ethnographischer Hinsicht authentische Arrangements der Klaviermusik von G. I. Gurdjieff /Thomas de Hartmann zu spielen. Sein viel beachtetes ECM-Debütalbum Music of G.I. Gurdjieff erhielt 2012 den Edison Award als Album des Jahres. Nun widmen sich Eskenian und seine Mitmusiker der Musik von Komitas Vardapet (1869-1935). Als Komponist, Musikethnologe, Arrangeur, Sänger und Priester wird Komitas gemeinhin als Begründer der zeitgenössischen Musik Armeniens betrachtet, der vor allem in seiner Funktion als Musikethnologe die frappierenden Schnittmengen zwischen sakraler und säkularer Musik entdeckte, die beide Musiken untrennbar mit einander verbindet. Mit dem besonderen Fokus auf Instrumente der armenischen Volksmusik und dahingehend inspirierten Arrangements offenbart das Ensemble in dieser Aufnahme die tiefe Verwurzelung von Komitas Kompositionen. Die Aufnahmen entstanden im Februar 2015 in Lugano.
Featured Artists Recorded

February 2015, Auditorio RSI - Radio Svizzera, Lugano

Original Release Date


  • 1Zulo
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 2Mani Asem, Tsaghik Asem
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 3Msho Shoror
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 4Havun
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 5Mankakan Nvag XII
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 6Lorva Gutanerg
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • Yot Par
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 7Manushaki of Vagharshapat02:53
  • 8Shushiki of Vagharshapat01:39
  • 9Unabi of Shushi01:43
  • 10Marali of Shushi01:20
  • 11Yerangui of Yerevan03:28
  • 12Het u Araj of Karin02:46
  • 13Karno Shoror05:10
  • 14Hov Arek
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 15Gutane Hats Em Berum
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 16Hoy Nazan
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 17Havik
    (Komitas Vardapet)
  • 18Akna Oror
    (Komitas Vardapet)
Levon Eskenian formed his ensemble in 2008 to explore the inspirational sources of Gurdjieff’s music. The group’s debut album, Music of Georges I. Gurdjieff, issued by ECM in 2011, was a history-making project, drawing new attention to Gurdjieff’s compositions in his native Armenia and around the world, and winning prizes – including the Edison Award in the Netherlands and the National Music Award in Armenia – for its imaginative recasting of the music for traditional folk instruments.
At the urging of producer Manfred Eicher Levon Eskenian has gone on to prepare material for two new recordings concentrating on Komitas Vardapet (1869-1935): one with Komitas’s music for piano played by Lusine Griogoryan (to be released in 2016), and the present disc with vivid and exciting arrangements of Komitas for Eskenian’s folk instruments group. Both albums were recorded at Lugano’s Auditorio Stelio Molo RSI in February 2015.
Komitas is revered by Armenians as his nation’s most brilliant songwriter. He was also more than this, a composer, singer, priest, philosopher, poet, ethnomusicologist, collector of folk songs, writer of sacred and secular music bridging the old and the new. The fine line that connects the melodic character of the most ancient Armenian music with the works of contemporary Armenian composers runs through his work and for this reason he is often referred to as the father of modern Armenian music. His music was an important reference for Thomas de Hartmann when preparing Gurdjieff’s music for solo piano and Komitas also influenced Levon Eskenian when preparing his own Gurdjieff arrangements. For these and other reasons reinvestigating the music of Komitas seemed a logical next step for Eskenian and the Gurdjieff Ensemble.
Levon Eskenian: “In his compositions, Komitas was able to combine Armenian modality with aspects of the western classical tradition and thereby establish practical models and a theoretical basis for the development of a specifically Armenian classical music. This recording indicates the breadth of his achievement and something of his methods. His practice was to select the most interesting variants of traditional melodies and rhythmic patterns while remaining true to the original style and spirit, which partly accounts for the unusual character of his piano writing. To go more deeply into the music and its interpretative potential, as well as to recreate the sounds Komitas encountered, the pieces are here arranged for traditional Armenian instruments, without altering Komitas’s structures and details.”
In an introductory note in the CD booklet, Armenian composer Tigran Mansurian, former director of the Komitas State Conservatory of Yerevan, asks: “What results may we expect when taking folk music-playing turned into composer’s art back to its folk sources and to folk thinking? This is a unique experience, something that occurs inside the folklore-composing art relationship.” The fabric of Komitas’s compositions is illuminated by the deployment of the folk instruments. “How should we characterize such an endeavour?” Mansurian continues. “As research? Differentiation between documenting and artistic thinking? Coexistence of folklore and composer’s art?” He concludes, “Maybe we can go on with questions of this kind, but, in all cases, Eskenian’s years-long meticulous work has led to unusual beauty – this is obvious.”
Levon Eskenian was born in Lebanon in 1978. In 1996 he moved to Armenia where he currently lives. In 2005 he graduated from the Yerevan Komitas State Conservatory where he obtained a master’s degree studying the piano with Professor Robert Shugarov. He has also studied composition, organ and improvisation at the Conservatory and harpsichord in Austria and Italy with the English organist and harpsichordist Christopher Stembridge. One of the most active figures in Armenia’s musical life, a director of various ensembles and artistic institutions, he has performed both as a soloist and chamber musician with a program ranging from early baroque to contemporary music in Europe, the Middle East and in Armenia. Eskenian has organized numerous concerts, lectures, master classes and festivals in Armenia. He is a founding member of the Naregatsi Chamber Music Society with its chamber orchestra and small ensembles, which were founded to promote rarely performed repertoire ranging from early to contemporary music.
With the Gurdjieff Ensemble he has toured widely. In November 2015, the ensemble heads for Brazil where it is giving concerts of music of Gurdjieff and Komitas. Further tours are in preparation for 2016.
Music composed or collected by Komitas has been heard on a number of ECM releases, beginning with Hayren: Music of Komitas and Tigran Mansurian recorded in 2000, and continuing with Jan Garbarek and the Hilliard Ensemble’s Officium Novum, Anja Lechner and François Couturier’s Moderato Cantabile, Savina Yannatou’s Songs of Thessaloniki, Norma Winstone’s Stories Yet To Tell and more. Last month another release, Tigran Hamasyan’s Luys I Luso, also embraced Komitas in its broad sweep of Armenian sacred music. However, the present recording by the Gurdjieff Ensemble is the first ECM disc wholly devoted to the music of Komitas Vardapet.
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